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Language

Of of pertaining to any method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way, whether united in a system specific to a country or region.

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Contributors in Language

Language > General language

reality

Language; General language

Whilst 'commonsense' suggests that reality exists prior to, and outside signification, according to constructivists (who refer to 'the construction of reality'), 'reality has ...

language of a medium

Language; General language

Media such as television and film are regarded by some semioticians as being like 'languages' (though this is hotly contested by others). Semioticians commonly refer to films, ...

langue and parole

Language; General language

These are Saussure's terms. Langue refers to the abstract system of rules and conventions of a signifying system - it is independent of, and pre-exists, individual users. Parole ...

linguistic determinism

Language; General language

According to linguistic determinists our thinking (or 'worldview') is determined by language - by the very use of verbal language and/or by the grammatical structures, semantic ...

literalism

Language; General language

The fallacy that the meaning of a text is contained within it and is completely determined by it so that all the reader must do is to 'extract' this meaning from the signs ...

logocentrism

Language; General language

Derrida used this term to refer to the 'metaphysics of presence' in Western culture - in particular its phonocentrism, and its foundation on a mythical 'transcendent signified'. ...

markedness

Language; General language

The concept of markedness introduced by Jakobson can be applied to the poles of a paradigmatic opposition (e.g. male/female). Paired signifiers (such as male/female) consist of ...