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Of of pertaining to any method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way, whether united in a system specific to a country or region.

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Contributors in Language

Language > Translation

descriptive translation

Language; Translation

In relevance theory, this is the use of language normally as true or false of a given state of affairs. In translation, this mode amounts to a ‘free’ translation.

direct translation

Language; Translation

In Vinay and Darbelnet’s taxonomy, it is a translation method that encompasses calque, borrowing and literal translation. In relevance theory, direct translation is a kind of ...


Language; Translation

Differentiation of different senses of a word.


Language; Translation

Modes of speaking and writing which involve participants in adopting a particular attitude towards areas of socio-cultural activity (e.g. racist discourse, bureaucratese, etc.).

documentary translation

Language; Translation

A term used by Nord (e.g. 1997) to describe a translation method which does not conceal the fact that it is a translation. A translation strategy, discussed by Venuti (1995), in ...

information structure

Language; Translation

The way that information is structured in a sentence. This has been addressed in slightly different ways in functional sentence perspective and Hallidayan linguistics. The ...


Language; Translation

The degree of unexpectedness which an item or an utterance displays in some context.