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The study of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct.

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Philosophy; General philosophy

Traditionally, the theory of knowledge. Answering the question: what kinds of knowledge can we have of the external world of objects, of minds other than our own, of mathematical ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

Specifically, a British philosopher of the 17th and 18th century such as Hobbes, tended to believe that knowledge derives from our sensory experience and its ramifications. ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

See psychological egoism.

cartesian doubt

Philosophy; General philosophy

In his Meditations, Descartes (1596-1650) proposed discarding any kind of belief that could be doubted, that might be false. Initially, he was inclined to doubt all the evidences ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

The process, particularly employed in Plato’s dialogues, of discovering first principles, or underlying realities, through digging out, possibly through Socratic questioning of ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

(De=obligation + logical) A deontological ethics is one that claims that it is something in the nature or structure of actions that makes them obligatory or impermissible ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

A presumably valid argument in which the argument proceeds from premises to conclusion in such a way that if the premisses are true, the conclusion absolutely must be true. An ...