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The study of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct.

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Philosophy > General philosophy


Philosophy; General philosophy

Generally, someone who claims that various sorts of things that are not realized completely in our (sensory) experience are real. The things in question might be, e.g.: numbers, ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

A sentence, proposition, thought, or judgment is synthetic if it is neither logically (analytically) true, or false; generally, synthetic claims are said to be empirical in that ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

The characterization, for an artificial, or natural, language, of what constitutes a well-formed sentence, or, to put it another way, a grammatical sentence, or a sentence of the ...


Philosophy; General philosophy

What underlies the various qualities of an object. In the later tradition substance comes to be considered a transcendent notion.

Russell’s theory of descriptions

Philosophy; General philosophy

Roughly, the view that sentences in which phrases of the form the-so-and-so appear can be reduced to more revealing logical forms in which “the” disappears and in which there is ...

psychological egoism

Philosophy; General philosophy

In ethics and psychology, the view that in fact all human beings act solely in their individual self-interest (so far as they calculate correctly as to what this is). This view -- ...

propositional logic

Philosophy; General philosophy

Also called sentence logic and the sentential calculus. Such a logic concerns elementary propositions - p, q, r, s, etc. -- respecting which the only assumption is that they ...