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Refers to any set of beliefs of any community or nation, concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of life and the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a supernatural or divine agency.

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Religion > Christian theology


Religion; Christian theology

A movement, centering upon Roman North Africa in the fourth century, which developed a rigorist view of the church and sacraments.

dialectical theology

Religion; Christian theology

The early views of the Swiss theologian Karl Barth (1886-1968), which emphasized the "dialectic" between God and humanity.


Religion; Christian theology

A term originally coined by William Tyndale to translate the Latin term reconciliatio, which has since come to have the developed meaning of "the work of Christ" or "the benefits ...

Five Ways, the

Religion; Christian theology

A standard term for the five "arguments for the existence of God" especially associated with Thomas Aquinas.


Religion; Christian theology

A term relating to the doctrine of the Trinity, often also referred to by the Latin term circumincession. The basic notion is that all three persons of the Trinity mutually share ...

synoptic problem

Religion; Christian theology

The scholarly question of how the three synoptic gospels relate to each other. Perhaps the most common approach to the issue is the "two source" theory, which claims that Matthew ...


Religion; Christian theology

A term used in a number of senses, of which the following are the most important: Orthodoxy in the sense of "right belief," as opposed to heresy (see pp. 145-9); orthodoxy in the ...