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AIDS prevention & treatment

The prevention and treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS, which is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The illness interferes with the immune system, making people with AIDS much more likely to get infections. HIV is transmitted through direct contact with HIV-infected body fluids, such as blood, semen, and genital secretions, or from an HIV-infected mother to her child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding (through breast milk).

Contributors in AIDS prevention & treatment

AIDS prevention & treatment

comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A blood test that measures several parameters, including blood sugar (glucose), proteins, electrolytes (such as sodium and potassium), waste products (such as blood urea nitrogen and creatinine), and ...

drug-food interaction

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A change in a drug’s effect on the body when the drug is taken together with certain foods or beverages. Not all drugs are affected by food, and some drugs are affected by only certain foods. A ...

papilloma

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A benign (not cancerous) growth, such as a wart, on the skin or mucous membrane.

anemia

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A blood disorder caused by reduced number or function of red blood cells. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, and rapid heartbeat. HIV-associated causes of anemia include progression ...

complete blood count (CBC)

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A blood test that measures the following components in a sample of blood: red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and hemoglobin. A complete blood count (CBC) with differential also measures ...

serologic test

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A blood test to detect the presence of antibodies against a microorganism. A serologic test can determine whether a person has been exposed to a particular microorganism.

ecchymosis

Health care; AIDS prevention & treatment

A blue or purplish bruise that results from bleeding under the skin.

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