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The science and art of healing that employs a variety of health care practices to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness.

Contributors in Medicine


cost growth rates

Medical; Medicine

Percentage growth of a particular cost category over the comparable cost category for the previous year.

c-reactive protein (CRP)

Medical; Medicine

Produced by the liver. The level of CRP rises when there is body-wide (systemic) inflammation.

contract research organisation (CRO)

Medical; Medicine

A contract research organisation to which pharmaceutical companies can sub-contract activities, for example clinical trial work.


Medical; Medicine

A metabolic disorder caused by inadequate production or utilisation of insulin, characterised by hyperglycaemia (high glucose blood sugar).

dopamine partial agonists

Medical; Medicine

Drugs that mimic the effects of dopamine in the brain by stimulating dopamine receptors.

double blind study

Medical; Medicine

A clinical study in which none of the participants (subject, investigator nor research team), knows what treatment the subject is receiving until the end of the study.

drug metabolism

Medical; Medicine

The biochemical modification or degradation of drugs, usually through specialised enzymatic systems.

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