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Also known as 'Biotech' , it is the use of micro-organisms and biological substances to perform specific industrial or manufacturing procedures.

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Biotechnology > Biochemistry


Biology; Biochemistry

Class of biochemical compounds constructed from amino acids. Proteins may be structural, such as those that make up hair and cartilage, or they may be reactive, such as the ...


Biology; Biochemistry

Describes any structure which is composed of protein.

ribonucleic acid (RNA)

Biology; Biochemistry

The nucleic acid which carries the DNA message into parts of the cell where it is interpreted and used. The 18S ribosomal RNA sequence has been used in many groups of organisms to ...


Biology; Biochemistry

Protein which fixes carbon in photosynthetic organisms. It binds molecules of carbon dioxide to a five-carbon molcule. Rubisco is the most common protein on earth.


Biology; Biochemistry

Neurotoxin found in a variety of dinoflagellates. If ingested, it may cause respiratory failure and cardiac arrest.

scanning electron microscope (SEM)

Biology; Biochemistry

A special kind of microscope that scans samples with a high-energy beam of electrons to produce a high-resolution, detailed, three-dimensional image. An SEM can magnify a sample ...


Biology; Biochemistry

Amorphous silicon dioxide (glass). It is a structural component in many organisms, such as diatoms and horsetails.