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Refers to any set of beliefs of any community or nation, concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of life and the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a supernatural or divine agency.

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Religion > Christianity

Council of Trent

Religion; Christianity

The 19th ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, which took place over the period 1545-63. A very important council in that it reformed numerous aspects of church practice ...


Religion; Christianity

Area of theology dealing with the person of Christ. Treats such topics as the relation between Christ's human and divine natures, and the meaning of his sacrificial death ...

Christmas (Xmas)

Religion; Christianity

(Old English Christes masse, "Christ's mass"). Holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus on December 25.


Religion; Christianity

(Greek christos, "messiah" or "anointed one"). Title applied to Jesus identifying him as the figure predicted by the Hebrew prophets.

Cathari (or Cathars)

Religion; Christianity

(Greek katharoi, "pure ones"). Heretical sect influential in southern France and nothern Italy in the 13 and 14th centuries. It was characterized by a dualistic worldview and ...


Religion; Christianity

Ankle-length garment worn by clergy.

Cappadocian Fathers

Religion; Christianity

Three theologians from the region of Cappadocia in modern-day Turkey - Basil of Caesarea (c. 330-379), Gregory of Nazianzus (329-389) and Gregory of Nyssa (330-395) - whose ...