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Valerian was an old and popular emperor. His reign was marked by horrible and devastating invasions of the Franks, Alemanni, Goths and Persians. Each of the different groups attacked from different directions and the empire was left unguarded. The Franks leaped out of the Rhine and led a horrific raid that reached up to North Africa. The Alemanni attacked northern Italy and wore finally checked after several brutal battles led by the Emperors son, Gallienus. Perhaps the most devastating invasion, was those of the Goths. By building a navy and crossing the Bosphorous, the Goths reached Greece and wrecked havoc on large areas of that province. Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Argos and Cornith where but a few of the ancient cites that were left in flames. Statues, libraries, books, temples everything of value was effaced. It was a precursor to the coming devastating raids that were to engulf the whole Roman world. For a time, the east seemed to be in the same peril. It was also the sight of the worst degradation and humiliation that a Roman emperor ever endured at the hands of foreigners.

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  • Industry/Domain: People
  • Category: Emperors
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