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The study of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct.

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Philosophy > Ethics


Philosophy; Ethics

Moral principle that one should refrain from harming others ("first, do no harm"). Compare with beneficence.


Philosophy; Ethics

The science of human duty; the rules of human conduct. The function of morality is "to combat the deleterious consequences of human sympathies" (Beauchamp). Its aim is "to ...


Philosophy; Ethics

Stance that a person’s liberty is justifiably restricted to prevent self-harm, or to promote that person’s own well-being. Paternalism is an inherently liberty-limiting principle. ...


Philosophy; Ethics

That which is due to individuals, based on core ethical principles. Rights create parallel duties on the part of others, or on society as a whole. So-called negative rights are ...

rule deontology

Philosophy; Ethics

Theory that non-consequentialist principles must be applied in the form of rules, and that such rules determine whether particular acts are right or wrong. Contrast with act ...

rule utilitarianism

Philosophy; Ethics

Theory that the principle of utility is (or ought to be) the source of rules of conduct, and that such rules determine whether particular acts are right or wrong. Rules justified ...


Philosophy; Ethics

A conception of the moral life in terms of means-to-ends reasoning. An act or rule is right insofar as it produces or leads to the maximization of good consequences (utility). See ...