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Refers to any set of beliefs of any community or nation, concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of life and the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a supernatural or divine agency.

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Religion; Islam

Cube-shaped and sacred, the Ka'ba is a monument located in Mecca that holds a special, sacred black stone. During prayer, Muslims all around the world are required to face toward ...


Religion; Islam

The cloth covering the Ka'ba in Mecca is called the kiswa.


Religion; Islam

The individual who give the khutbah, the Friday sermons, is called the khatib. In most Muslim countries, the khatib is a government-assigned position.


Religion; Islam

The first month of the Muslim calendar is Muharram. Muharram is also an alternative name for al-Hijra, the Islamic New Year.


Religion; Islam

Salat means "prayer". Salat is the ritual prayer that is part of the Five Pillars. These prayers should be said in the direction of Mecca, five times a day.


Religion; Islam

The holiday that begins in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. During Ramadan, Muslims fast during the day, in commemoration of the disclosure of the Qur'an to Muhammad.


Religion; Islam

People who recite text from the Qur'an, usually from memory. The qurra' are a collective group of professional reciters.