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European Union

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member countries in Europe. Formally established in 1993 after the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty by members of the European Community, the EU acts as the governing body of the European Economic Community in the area of foreign and security policy, and provides for the creation of a central European bank and the adoption of a common currency, the Euro.

Contributors in European Union

European Union

accession of new member states to the European Union

Government; European Union

Accession of new Member States to the European Union (EU) is governed by Article 49 of the EU Treaty. A state that wishes to become a member of the Union must satisfy two conditions: * it must be a ...

accession partnership

Government; European Union

Accession partnerships are a pre-accession strategy instrument which determines the candidate countries' particular needs on which pre-accession assistance should be targeted and provides a framework ...

Article 71 Committee

Government; European Union

The Standing Committee provided for by Article 71 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) is a Council working group in which the other Union bodies and agencies may also ...


Government; European Union

The EU audiovisual policy must respect various — sometimes contradictory — interests and priorities, such as competition rules (especially regarding State aid), the principles of public service or ...

accession criteria

Government; European Union

Any country seeking membership of the European Union (EU) must conform to the conditions set out by Article 49 and the principles laid down in Article 6(1) of the Treaty on European Union. Relevant ...

constructive abstention

Government; European Union

Constructive abstention is the idea of allowing a Member State to abstain on a vote in Council under the common foreign and security policy (CFSP), without blocking a unanimous decision. This option ...

animal welfare

Government; European Union

The question of animal welfare was first addressed in legislation in 1974. The requirements in this area were acknowledged specifically in an additional protocol attached to the Treaty of Amsterdam ...

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