Home > Blossary: 中国名族乐器
中国民族乐器,历史悠久,源远流长。仅从己出土的文物可证实:远在先秦时期,就有了多种多样的乐器。如新石器时代文化遗址浙江河姆渡出土的骨哨,河南舞阳县的贾湖骨笛(最早的笛子距今8000年左右),仰韶文化遗址西安半坡村出土的埙,河南安阳殷墟中出土的石磬、木腔蟒皮鼓;湖北随县曾侯乙墓(公元前433年入葬)出土的编钟、编磬、悬鼓、建鼓、枹鼓、排箫、笙、箎、瑟等等。这些古乐器向人们展示了中华民族的智慧和创造力。 能够发出乐音,并能进行音乐艺术再创造的器具。人类通过演奏乐器,借以表达、交流思想感情。对乐器的界定,音乐界和乐器学界有不同看法。音乐界认为,用于音乐的发声器具才是乐器;乐器学界则通常将许多非音乐领域中的发声器,如古代战争中的鸣金击鼓、宗教中的祈祷诵经、婚丧中的礼仪信号、商贩招揽的信号器等,也视为乐器,甚至将一些生产劳动用具和日常生活器皿,如:弓、锯、杵、缶、杯、碟、盅、碗等等,在进行演奏时,都冠以乐字,称其为乐弓、乐锯、乐杯、乐杵等。乐器生产业的主要产品则基本上是音乐界所涉及的乐器,即可以进行音乐艺术再创造的器具,另外还生产少数的马铃、驼铃、油牌子和车船喇叭。乐器的生产不同于一般工业产品的生产。它不仅要求产品有合理的精美外观造型,还必须有良好的声学品质,其中包括音色、音乐和规定的音准高度。因而在材质的选择上非常严格。

Category: Entertainment

26 Terms

Created by: Christina lou

Number of Blossarys: 12

My Terms
Collected Terms

Zheng je starovekej čínskej Sláčikové nástroje, ošklbané strunový nástroj. V čínskej tradičnej nástroj citaru krásny zvuk, bohatá ako sólista, hranie tipy, má veľmi expresívne, tak ju miloval široké ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

Hulusi, noto anche come "zucca flauto", detto Dai "lang orchestrale Clack" (generalmente denominato "orchestrali" Dai fiati. "Franco" come l'implicazione diretta che "Clack" significa zucca) è un ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

Hulusi, tiež známy ako "tekvica flautu", Dai povedal "orchestrálne lang Clack" ("orchestrálna" Dai dychové nástroje všeobecne známe. "Frank" ako priamy dôsledok "Clack" znamená tekvica) je etnické ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

Sáo ngang cucurbit, còn được gọi là "bầu sáo ngang", đại ngôn ngữ được gọi là "dàn nhạc Clack lang" ("dàn nhạc" đại gió điều. Trực tiếp "Lang" ngụ ý là hyacinth "Vô ích"), là nhạc Vân Nam dân tộc ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

唎咧,即"口萧",黎族吹奏乐器。黎语称"唎咧"。流行于海南岛各地。由七个从细至粗的竹管套接而成。嘴在内,全长约20厘米,上细下粗,共六个按音孔。最上一节细竹管削劈出一片薄竹,作为吹奏竹簧,或在竹簧内插入麦杆片或树叶片以吹奏。 唎咧外形和唢呐杆相似,是由若干节大小不同的短竹管,由小到大套接而成,是黎族人民喜爱的单簧气鸣乐器,相传已有几百年历史。 唎咧:黎语音译,又称"口箫",是黎族人民喜爱的单簧气鸣 ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

摘要纠错编辑摘要赫哲族民间乐器,鼓框木制,鸭蛋形,单面蒙皮。是赫哲人跳宗教祭祀舞萨满时所用的伴奏乐器,流行于黑龙江省赫哲族及东北达翰尔、鄂伦春和满族地区。 赫哲族民间乐器,鼓框木制,鸭蛋形,单面蒙皮。是赫哲人跳宗教祭祀舞萨满时所用的伴奏乐器,流行于黑龙江省赫哲族及东北达翰尔、鄂伦春和满族地区。 ? 抓鼓:赫哲族民间乐器。是赫哲人跳宗教祭祀舞萨满时所用的伴奏乐器,流行于黑龙江省同江县街津口、八岔和饶 ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

泗滨浮磬出自《禹贡·徐州》,意为"泗水边上的可以做磬的石头",编磬用的石料,以古徐州的泗滨浮磬质地最好,这在我国最早的历史文献《尚书·禹贡》有明确的记载"海、岱、淮惟徐州。.....厥贡惟土五色。.....泗滨浮磬"。我国著名训诂大师孔颖达解释"泗滨浮磬"说"泗滨,泗水之滨。石在水旁,水中见石,似石水上浮然。此石可以为磬,故谓之浮磬也。"汉代经学家孔安国考证为徐州东南60里处的吕梁,"水中见石,可 ...

Domain: Music; Category: Music instruments

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