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Boltzmann's principle

A description of the statistical distribution of large numbers of tiny particles

under the influence of a force, such as an electric or magnetic field. When the system is in statistical equilibrium, the number of particles in

any portion of the field is given by:

NE = N0e–E/kT

where E is the potential energy of a particle in the observed area, N0is the number of particles per unit volume in a part of the field where E is zero, k is the Boltzmann constant, T is the absolute temperature of the system of particles, and e is approximately equal to 2.718.

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