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Pancasila

Pancasila is Indonesian's basic ideology, the official foundation of Indonesia.The word Pancasila itself derived from Sanskrit words - "Panca" which means "five" and "Sila" which means "Principle". So the word "Pancasila" actually means the five principles.

And its true, it comprises of 5 principles, all those five are interelated. The first one is "Belief in the one and only God"(Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa), the second one is "Just and civilized humanity" (Kemanusiaan yang Adil dan Beradab). Thirdly, The unity of Indonesia (Persatuan Indonesia) and the fourth principle is "Democracy guided by the inner wisdom in the unanimity arising out of deliberations amongst representatives" ( Kerakyatan Yang Dipimpin oleh Hikmat Kebijaksanaan, Dalam Permusyawaratan dan Perwakilan) and last but not least "Social justice for all of the people of Indonesia" (Keadilan Sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia".

The very first draft of Pancasila was formulated by Indonesian future first president, Sukarno, at that time he felt that Indonesian' people needed some foundations, something that can bring their together, unite them, and pull together the diverse archipelago. Sukarno's political philosophy was mainly a fusion of elements of socialism, nationalism and monotheism.So on the 1st June 1945, the first draft of Pancasila was presented, and after that several people (from Committee of Nine )together with Sukarno gave finishing touch to the five principles.

ukarno always stated that Pancasila was a philosophy of Indonesian (indigenous) origin, which he developed being inspired by philosophical traditions in Indonesian history, including indigenous philosophical traditions, Indian-Hindu, Western-Christian, and Arab-Islamic traditions. 'Ketuhanan', to him, was originally indigenous, while 'Kemanusiaan' was inspired by the Hindu concept of Tat Twam Asi, the Islamic concept of fardhukifayah, and the Christian concept of Hebt Uw naasten lief gelijk U zelve, God boven alles. Sukarno further explained that 'Keadilan sosial' (social justice) was inspired by the Javanese concept of Ratu Adil (the Just Leader), a messianic Javanese ruler who would set the people free from all kinds of oppression.

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