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Penal Law-Translation of Book to English directly-Part 13

Translation (Part 15);

The Protection of Personal Freedom and Rights

However, at the same time, the rule of Penal Law along with their content, and also with their accurate and clear formulation, have another equally important purpose: restrict state from limitations and abuse of rights of citizens and their personal freedom, in all fields of life, to which it (state) may impose with threat of <>.Actually history of human kind and societies is characterized from continual effort of state and governments to restrict freedom of citizens under threat of punishment, as drastic and effective <>, within any reason of justification or in an arbitary way.Thus restriction of state power within its state of authority, is absolutely necessary for maintenance of cohesion of a certain society and frame of protection of legal values, has constituted in the past many times a primary request of movements of any kind, under regiments of monarchy for ex. and it is still necessary till nowadays.

In view of this, and that's why it's been said-not without exaggeration- that Penal Law is the Magna Carta of criminals. (Nb Magna Carta was the first Constitution of England, as we've also said elsewhere already, issued in 1215 under King Ioannis Aktimon, that ensured and protected basic political and religious rights of citizens.

(continues in next part 16..)

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