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Also known as 'Biotech' , it is the use of micro-organisms and biological substances to perform specific industrial or manufacturing procedures.

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Biotechnology > Genetic engineering

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

The usually fatal human disease in which the immune system is destroyed by a retrovirus (Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV). The virus infects and destroys helper T-cells, which ...

polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

A procedure that amplifies a particular DNA sequence. It involves multiple cycles of denaturation , annealing to oligonucleotide primers, and extension (polynucleotide ...


Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

1. The genetic constitution (gene makeup) of an organism. 2. The pair of alleles at a particular locus, e.g., Aa or aa . 3. The sum total of all pairs of alleles at all loci ...


Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

A tissue of living cells, the walls being unevenly thickened with cellulose and hemicellulose, but never lignified; it functions in mechanical support in young, short-lived or ...


Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

Asexual reproduction involving the division of a single-celled individual into two new single-celled individuals of equal size.


Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

A plant very resistant to drought or that lives in very dry places.


Biotechnology; Genetic engineering

Slender column of tissue that arises from the top of the ovary and through which the pollen tube grows.