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Buddhism is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha.

Contributors in Buddhism



Religion; Buddhism

Tripitaka in Sanskrit, Tipitaka in Pali. The three main sacred scriptures of Buddhism. A "pitaka" is a basket and so the term refers to the "three baskets. " The first basket is the teachings of the ...


Religion; Buddhism

A special empowerment ceremony currently held only at the temples of Eiheiji and Sojiji in Japan by new priests upon reaching the priestly rank.


Religion; Buddhism

(Japanese) Meditation hall. The space in a monastery in which zazen is practised; it is often set aside exclusively for this purpose.

Zen Buddhism

Religion; Buddhism

A branch of Mahayana Buddhism which was brought to China (where it was called Chan) in 520 CE by Bodhidarma and arrived in Japan in the twelfth century. It is probably the most common form of ...


Religion; Buddhism

(Japanese) Buddhist school or sect favouring meditation and intuition rather than scripture as a means to enlightenment, which passed from China to Japan in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.


Religion; Buddhism

(Japanese) Zazen meeting; a lay Zen group.


Religion; Buddhism

A sound that is used as a focus for mediation or worship. Sacred word or formula repeated often of only one or two syllables, used in certain Buddhist rituals.

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