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International trade

The buying and selling of goods, services and capital across international borders or territories.

Contributors in International trade

International trade

United Nations Center for International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)

Economy; International trade

An international body that drafts model laws such as the one on government procurement.

Uruguay Round

Economy; International trade

Multilateral trade negotiations launched at Punta del Este, Uruguay in September 1986 and concluded in Geneva in December 1993. Signed by Ministers in Marrakesh, Morocco, in April 1994.

variable levy

Economy; International trade

Customs duty rate which varies in response to domestic price criterion.

voluntary restraint arrangement (VRA)

Economy; International trade

Bilateral arrangements whereby an exporting country (government or industry) agrees to reduce or restrict exports without the importing country having to make use of quotas, tariffs or other import ...


Economy; International trade

Permission granted by WTO members allowing a WTO member not to comply with normal commitments. Waivers have time limits and extensions have to be justified.

Washington Treaty

Economy; International trade

Treaty for the protection of intellectual property in respect of lay-out designs of integrated circuits.

World Customs Organization (WCO)

Economy; International trade

A multilateral body located in Brussels through which participating countries seek to simplify and rationalize customs procedures.

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