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Bretton Woods

To establish the international economic system, United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference was held and signed the agreement on July 22nd 1944 with 44 allied nations gathered at the Mount Washington Hotel in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States. The Bretton Woods system established monetary management between commercial and financial relations in 1900's. The allied nations made a consensus to a completely negotiated monetary order with the intention to control monetary relations among respective countries. Bretton Woods system established the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). The goal of the Bretton Woods system was to have each country adopt a monetary policy that maintained the fixed exchange rate by tying the convertibility of its respective currencies to the U.S. dollar. When the US declared to stop convertibility of the US dollar to gold on August 15th 1971, the Brtton Woods system came to end.

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