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Communication using a formalized system of arbitrary vocal sounds, orthographic symbols and signs, or nonverbal gestures in conventional ways with conventional meanings, such as spoken language, sign language, body language; see standard, semantics, signifier, semiotics, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, mannerism. Also, a body of words (vocabulary) and the systems (syntax, grammar) for their use common to a people of shared geography or heritage (dialect); see idiolect, vernacular, lingua franca, alphabet, writing system. Also, a set of symbols, together with the syntactic rules for their combination and use, by means of which a computer can be given operational directions; see ALGOL, BASIC, C/C++, COBOL, FORTH, FORTRAN, Java, LISP, Objective C, Objective Pascal, Pascal, PERL, Python, SNOBOL, SQL, Visual BASIC, XQL, YODL, script, CGI script, JavaScript, Jscript, VBscript, VRML, markup, escape sequence, at sign, program, software. Derived from "tongue".

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