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Refers to any set of beliefs of any community or nation, concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of life and the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a supernatural or divine agency.

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Religion > Christianity

Martin Luther

Religion; Christianity

(1483-1546) German monk and professor whose questioning of church practices led to the Protestant Reformation. See Martin Luther.


Religion; Christianity

Originally, followers of John Wycliffe (14th cent. ), who emphasized personal faith, predestination and the Bible. The word was later applied to anyone seriously critical of the ...


Religion; Christianity

In general, to take on a bodily form. In Christianity, the historical event in which God became a man in Jesus of Nazareth. According to the gospel of John: "The Word became flesh ...

Immaculate Conception

Religion; Christianity

Roman Catholic doctrine that the Virgin Mary was born without original sin.

impassibility of God

Religion; Christianity

Philosophical idea, influenced by Platonism, that God cannot suffer.


Religion; Christianity

Name given to the Franciscans in England because of their gray robes.


Religion; Christianity

Not a unified belief system, but a complex of religious movements that predate Christianity and have roots in both paganism and Judaism. By about the second century AD, Gnostic ...