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Any of the muscular elastic tubes that form a branching system and that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body.

Contributors in Arteries


dorsal digital arteries

Anatomy; Arteries

Dorsal digital arteries arise from the bifurcation of dorsal metacarpal arteries. They travel along the sides and dorsal aspects of the phalanges of the middle finger, ring finger, and little finger. ...

subclavian artery

Anatomy; Arteries

In human anatomy, the subclavian arteries are two major arteries of the upper thorax (chest), below the clavicle (collar bone). They receive blood from the top (arch) of the aorta.

aortic arch

Anatomy; Arteries

The arch of the aorta or the transverse aorta is the part of the aorta that begins at the level of the upper border of the second sternocostal articulation of the right side, and runs at first ...

axillary artery

Anatomy; Arteries

In human anatomy, the axillary artery is a large blood vessel that conveys oxygenated blood to the lateral aspect of the thorax, the axilla (armpit) and the upper limb. Its origin is at the lateral ...

internal thoracic artery

Anatomy; Arteries

In human anatomy, the internal thoracic artery (ITA), previously known as the internal mammary artery (a name still common among surgeons), is an artery that supplies the anterior chest wall and the ...

branchial artery

Anatomy; Arteries

The aortic arches or pharyngeal arch arteries are a series of six paired embryological vascular structures which give rise to several major arteries. They are ventral to the dorsal aorta.

deep branchial artery

Anatomy; Arteries

The arteria profunda brachii (also known as deep artery of the arm and the deep brachial artery) is a large vessel which arises from the lateral and posterior part of the brachial artery, just below ...

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