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Any of the muscular elastic tubes that form a branching system and that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body.

Contributors in Arteries


external carotid artery

Anatomy; Arteries

In human anatomy, the external carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. It arises from the common carotid artery when it bifurcates into the external and internal carotid artery.

internal carotid artery

Anatomy; Arteries

In human anatomy, the internal carotid arteries are major arteries of the head and neck that supply blood to the brain. There is a left and a right internal carotid artery; each one arises from the ...

vertebral arteries

Anatomy; Arteries

The vertebral arteries are major arteries of the neck. They branch from the subclavian arteries and merge to form the single midline basilar artery in a complex called the vertebrobasilar system, ...

common carotid arteries

Anatomy; Arteries

In human anatomy, the common carotid artery is an artery that supplies the head and neck with oxygenated blood; it divides in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries.

left/right gastric artery

Anatomy; Arteries

The right gastric artery (pyloric artery) arises from the common hepatic artery, above the pylorus, descends to the pyloric end of the stomach, and passes from right to left along its lesser ...

celiac trunk

Anatomy; Arteries

The celiac (or coeliac) artery, also known as the celiac trunk, is the first major branch of the abdominal aorta. Branching from the aorta anterior to the upper border of L1 vertebra (almost ...

splenic artery

Anatomy; Arteries

In anatomy, the splenic artery (in the past called the lienal artery) is the blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the spleen. It branches from the celiac artery, and follows a course ...

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