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The process of converting words and sentences from one language into another with the proper grammar and subject matter relevance.

Contributors in Translation



Language; Translation

A text type in which the focus is on the formation of future behavior, either ‘with option’ as in advertising or ‘without option’ as in legal instruction (e.g. treaties, resolutions, contracts, ...


Language; Translation

A feature of human language which determines the appropriateness of a linguistic form to the achievement of a pragmatic purpose (see pragmatics).


Language; Translation

Excessive influence of source text lexis or syntax on the target text (see syntactic structures, syntax). One of Toury’s two laws of translation.

interlinear translation

Language; Translation

A type of extremely literal, word-for-word translation in which target language words are arranged item by item below the source text words to which they correspond.

interlingual translation

Language; Translation

Translation between two different languages.


Language; Translation

Used in postcolonialism to refer to the process of stereotyping and subjection of the discourse and image of the colonized.

interpersonal meaning

Language; Translation

Language used to establish a relationship between text producer and text receiver.

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