Home > Terms > English (EN) > Phineas Gage

Phineas Gage

An American railroad worker who had a large iron rod driven through his head during an railroad accident. The rod entered the left side of his face and exited out the top of his head, destroying much of his frontal lobe. Gage survived the blast, but suffered profound changes to his personality and behavior.

According to Dr. John Martyn Harlow, Gage's physician, the injury led to a loss of social inhibition, leading Gage to behave in socially inappropriate ways. Before the accident, Gage was described as a hard-working and responsible man. Immediately after the accident, Harlow described him as fitful, impatient, irreverent, capricious and vacillating. However, evidence suggests that the Gage described by Harlow existed only for a short period of time after the accident. Gage was more functional and socially adapted later in life.

Collect to Blossary

Member comments

You have to log in to post to discussions.

Terms in the News

Billy Morgan

Sports; Snowboarding

The British snowboarder Billy Morgan has landed the sport’s first ever 1800 quadruple cork. The rider, who represented Great Britain in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, was in Livigno, Italy, when he achieved the man-oeuvre. It involves flipping four times, while body also spins with five complete rotations on a sideways or downward-facing axis. The trick ...

Marzieh Afkham

Broadcasting & receiving; News

Marzieh Afkham, who is the country’s first foreign ministry spokeswoman, will head a mission in east Asia, the state news agency reported. It is not clear to which country she will be posted as her appointment has yet to be announced officially. Afkham will only be the second female ambassador Iran has had. Under the last shah’s rule, Mehrangiz Dolatshahi, a ...

Weekly Packet

Language; Online services; Slang; Internet

Weekly Packet or "Paquete Semanal" as it is known in Cuba is a term used by Cubans to describe the information that is gathered from the internet outside of Cuba and saved onto hard drives to be transported into Cuba itself. Weekly Packets are then sold to Cuban's without internet access, allowing them to obtain information just days - and sometimes hours - after it ...

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)

Banking; Investment banking

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is an international financial institution established to address the need in Asia for infrastructure development. According to the Asian Development Bank, Asia needs $800 billion each year for roads, ports, power plants or other infrastructure projects before 2020. Originally proposed by China in 2013, a signing ...


Online services; Internet

Spartan is the codename given to the new Microsoft Windows 10 browser that will replace Microsoft Windows Internet Explorer. The new browser will be built from the ground up and disregard any code from the IE platform. It has a new rendering engine that is built to be compatible with how the web is written today. The name Spartan is named after the ...

Featured Terms

  • 0


  • 5


  • 2


Industry/Domain: History Category: World history


The Jagdpanther, or "hunting panther" in German, is a tank destroyer built by Nazi Germany during World War II based on the chassis of the ...

Featured blossaries


Category: Technology   3 12 Terms

Russian Saints

Category: Religion   2 20 Terms

Browers Terms By Category