Home > Terms > English (EN) > Whisky


Drink from Ireland, produced by fermentation of grasses: barley, corn, rye, wheat, oats, rice, etc. Distilled by evaporation of several stills for 2 years.

This spirit is marketed with an alcohol of 40 to 50% of volume content.

The term whiskey or whiskey (US and Ireland) derived from the Scottish Gaelic "Uisge beatha" and the Irish "uisce beathadh" Gaelic, meaning, in both cases, "water of life".


The two basic categories of Scotch whiskey are mixed or combined and single malt or without mixing.

Unmixed whiskey is produced from a single grain or combination of grains, whenever one of them represents at least 51% of the total.

The combined whiskey can have as origin several different distilleries, grain types and different methods of distillation.

In general, single malt whiskey is bright and full of character flavor, while the combined whiskey is smooth and silky.


The first stage of the production consists of grinding the beans, then water to the prepared and cooked grinding is added to obtain a sugary solution called wort. This is filtered and poured into fermentation vessels, and yeast is added. The yeast converts the sugars present in the substance in ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide. Tuned after fermentation, malt or low alcohol beer distilled normally obtained using one of two methods: continuous stills or in two or more batch distillation stills (used especially in the Scottish malt whiskey distilleries).

destiwhisky.gif (15289 bytes)

Distilling Whiskey

The separation of the water spirit is an example of the distillation process. When brought to boiling a solution of alcohol, most of the initial alcohol vapor is then reaches its boiling point before water. The vapor condenses and is collected several times to obtain more concentrated mixture alcohol, which is used to make whiskey. This copper still concentrated alcohol after fermentation.

Ian A. Griffiths / Robert Harding Picture Library

After distilling the liquor produced is aged in wooden casks. For most American whiskey, white oak barrels new used with scorched soles; in the case of Scotch whiskey is aged in barrels used American whiskey, and a smaller proportion is aged in Spanish sherry casks. The duration of aging varies greatly, but is generally between 2 and 5 years that whiskey is marketed with no indication of age, or older marketed indicating their age on the label.

Collect to Blossary

Member comments

You have to log in to post to discussions.

Terms in the News

Billy Morgan

Sports; Snowboarding

The British snowboarder Billy Morgan has landed the sport’s first ever 1800 quadruple cork. The rider, who represented Great Britain in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, was in Livigno, Italy, when he achieved the man-oeuvre. It involves flipping four times, while body also spins with five complete rotations on a sideways or downward-facing axis. The trick ...

Marzieh Afkham

Broadcasting & receiving; News

Marzieh Afkham, who is the country’s first foreign ministry spokeswoman, will head a mission in east Asia, the state news agency reported. It is not clear to which country she will be posted as her appointment has yet to be announced officially. Afkham will only be the second female ambassador Iran has had. Under the last shah’s rule, Mehrangiz Dolatshahi, a ...

Weekly Packet

Language; Online services; Slang; Internet

Weekly Packet or "Paquete Semanal" as it is known in Cuba is a term used by Cubans to describe the information that is gathered from the internet outside of Cuba and saved onto hard drives to be transported into Cuba itself. Weekly Packets are then sold to Cuban's without internet access, allowing them to obtain information just days - and sometimes hours - after it ...

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)

Banking; Investment banking

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is an international financial institution established to address the need in Asia for infrastructure development. According to the Asian Development Bank, Asia needs $800 billion each year for roads, ports, power plants or other infrastructure projects before 2020. Originally proposed by China in 2013, a signing ...


Online services; Internet

Spartan is the codename given to the new Microsoft Windows 10 browser that will replace Microsoft Windows Internet Explorer. The new browser will be built from the ground up and disregard any code from the IE platform. It has a new rendering engine that is built to be compatible with how the web is written today. The name Spartan is named after the ...

Featured Terms

  • 0


  • 95


  • 10


Industry/Domain: Arts & crafts Category: Oil painting

Portrait of Artist's Mother

Portrait of Artist's Mother is a painting by Vincent van Gogh of his mother, Anna Carbentus van Gogh, drawn from a black-and-white photograph. ...


Featured blossaries


Category: Literature   2 16 Terms

Natural Disasters

Category: Other   2 20 Terms